Dir : A. Vincent / India / 152 minutes / Malyalam / 1968


Two close friends, Vijaya (Sharada) and Vatsala (Sheela) had to part ways after Vatsala’s father, a lawyer loses a case of Vijaya’s father and it results in the latter’s death. Vijaya gets married to Ramu (Prem Nazir), a trade union leader against her will. Ramu leads a union strike and is killed when the agitation turns violent. Vijaya’s life becomes miserable and she kills her starving children, but she is arrested before being able to commit suicide. In the end, she is given the death penalty by the prosecution, led by her former dear friend Vatsala, who had become a famous lawyer in the meantime.


National Film Award for Second Best Feature Film
National Film Award for Best Actress – Sarada

Director’s Biography and Filmography

Aloysius Vincent (14 June 1928 – 25 February 2015) was an Indian cinematographer and director known for his works in Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu and Hindi language films. From the mid-1960s on, he directed some 30 movies including the landmark Malayalam films Bhargavi Nilayam, and Murappennu.He started his career in Tamil cinema and shot to fame with the Sivaji Ganesan-starrer Uthamaputhiran. Vincent teamed up with C. V. Sridhar in masterpieces such as Kalyana Parisu, Nenjil Or Aalayam, Kaadhalikka Neramillai, Sumaithaangi and Then Nilavu. He then became a freelancer and achieved success in Malayalam and Telugu films. He established himself as one of the leading cinematographers in South India and also earned a name in Hindi films. At a time when cinematography was in its infancy in Indian cinema, he experimented with camera angles and placements. He succeeded in bringing in the kind of visuals that were not seen before in South Indian films. In 2003, the Indian Society of Cinematographers (ISC) awarded him an Honorary Membership, along with K. K. Mahajan and V. K. Murthy. He received the Filmfare Best Cinematographer Award for Prem Nagar (1974) starring Rajesh Khanna. In 2003, the Indian Society of Cinematographers (ISC) awarded him an Honorary Membership, along with K. K. Mahajan and V. K. Murthy. He received the J. C. Daniel Award in 1996. Vincent has directed around 30 films, mostly in Malayalam. The first Malayalam film he directed, Bhargavi Nilayam (1964), was scripted by renowned writer Vaikom Muhammad Basheer. It is considered one of the all time classics in Malayalam cinema and the soundtrack to this film was also a notable success. Few directors could claim such an impressive list of chart-toppers. Vincent died on 25 February 2015 at the age of 86. He is survived by his wife and two cinematographer sons–Jayanan Vincent and Ajayan Vincent–and daughters, Sumithra Maria and Snehalatha Marie.

The film Thulabhaaram was a major blockbuster and following the Malayalam version, the film was made in Tamil (Thulabharam), Telugu (Manushulu Marali) and Hindi (Samaj Ko Badal Dalo), with Sharada playing lead roles in all versions.


Producer – Hari Pothen – Supriya
Scriptwriter – Thoppil Bhasi
Music – G. Devarajan
Cinematographer – P. Bhaskara Rao
Editor – G. Venkittraman


Prem Nazir, Sarada, Madhu, Sheela, Adoor Bhasi, Thikkurissi Sukumaran Nair, Adoor Bhavani, Baby Rajani, Kaduvakulam Antony, N. Govindankutty, Nellikode Bhaskaran, Thoppil Krishna Pillai, KPAC Khan